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South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere and be considered as a sub continent of the Americas. Nestled between the Caribbean, the South Pacifric and the South Atlantic Oceans, South America is the wilder of the Americas and a continent of superlatives. The continent’s cultural and ethnic outlook has its origin with the interaction of indigenous people with European conquerors and immigrants, and more locally with African slaves. Given a long history colonialism, the overwhelming majority of South Americans speak Portuguese or Spanish, and societies and states reflect Western traditions.
South America boasts of the world’s biggest rainforest and the largest River (Amazon), the highest mountain range outside Asia (the Andes), remote islands (Galpagos, Easter Island and Fernando de Noronha), heavenly beaches (Brazil’s North eastern region), wide deserts (Atacama), icy landscapes ( Patagonia & Tierra del Fuego), the world’s tallest waterfall (Angel Falls in Venezuela) and also one of the largest (Iguacu Falls - Argentina and Brazil) as well several other breathtaking natural attractions. Besides, the work of man has left rare gems on the continent : ruins of ancient civilisations (Machu Picchu) and other Inca cities, the moais in Easter Island, share the continent with world class metropolises (Sao Paulo, Buenos Aires, Bogota, Caracas, Santiago, Lima and Rio De Janeiro), outstanding modern architecture (Brasilia), European architecture (Buenos Aires), strong African heritage in (Salvador, Rio and Montevideo), genuine indigenous (Belem, Manaus, Cuzco, Lima, La Paz), charming cities built in the Andes (Caracas, Quito, Santiago), and Eastern culture (Sao Paulo’s enormous Japanese community), mingled with the fingerprints of the Iberian colonizers.
Argentina - Once known for being a “European Nation”, Argentina offers dynamic and rich cultural life in its cities, sparsely populated grasslands, mountains and glacial parks in the south.
Bolivia - This landlocked country is arguably the only one in Latin America with an ethnic majority of indigenous people, and a culture that is much affected by the high altitude of the Andes.
Brazil - South American’s only Portuguese speaking country is also its biggest, offering the Amazon rainforest alongwith vibrant cities such as Rio De Janeiro.
Chile - A long thin sliver of land on the western side of the Andes, which stands out on any map, this country contains big parts of the Atacama, one of the driest deserts in the world.
Colombia - After decades of violence, Colombia is now a much safer destination, offering coffee, jungles, volcanoes and two coastlines with a strong Caribbean feel.
Ecuador - Straddling the equator, this small country offers incredible diversity across its four regions : the Amazon Rainforest, the Andes, the Pacific Coast and the unique Galpagos Islands.
Falklands Islands – While most only think of the 1982 war and the ongoing dispute with Argentina, this piece of UK in the South Atlantic has much to offer, including Antartica wildlife and far reaching views across remote landscapes.
French Guiana – The French part of South America is also part of the European Union and the launch pad of Europe’s main spaceport.
Guyana – The only English speaking country on mainland South America, featuring highlands, waterfalls and rainforest.
Paraguay – Possibly the least visited country in the continent, in flat Paraguay you can see Jesuit missions, some major rivers and the impressive Itaipu Dam and hear the native Guarani language.
Peru – The historic heartland of the Incas, this country still offers a lot Inca heritage (Machu Picchu being the most valued site) plus the Nazca lines, made by an earlier culture for a still not entirely clear purpose.
Suriname – This forer Dutch colony offers a unique mix of Caribbear, Asian, Dutch and Latin American.
Uruguay – As futbol crazy as its neighbour across the Rio de la Plata, Uruguay also offers great birdwatching and beaches.
Venezuela – One may only think of oil and socialism, but Venezuela also offers jungles, waterfalls, major cities like Maracaibo, one of the biggest lakes/bays in the world
South American is a continent mostly in the Southern Hemisphere with small portions in the Western and Northern Hemisphere, for which reason is viewed to be in the Spanish and Portuguese speaking regions of the Americas. Bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic ocean, it includes twelve sovereign states, with Brazil being the most populated South American country.
South America is a continent situated in the southern hemisphere with small portions in the Western and Northern Hemisphere, for which reason is viewed to be in the Spanish and Portuguese speaking regions of the Americas.