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Nepal

Nepal is a country in the Southern Asia between the Tibet autonomous region of India and China. Bordering China in the North and India in the south, east and west, it is the largest sovereign Himalayan state. Nepal has diverse geography, including fertile plains, sub alpine forested hills, and eight of the world’s tallest mountain peaks, including Mount Everest, the highest point on earth. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital city. Nepal is a multi ethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.

History:

Nepal has recorded a history since the Neolithic age and the name Nepal was recorded in texts from the Vedic age, the era which founded Hinduism, which is the predominant religion of the country. In the middle of first millennium BCE, Gautam Buddha, the founder of Buddhism was born in Lumbini, souther Nepal. Nepal was ruled by many monarchs of the Maurya dynasty, the Gupta Dynasty, the Lichhavi and the Kirati Dynasties. The Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley’s traders. Later the Malla Kings ruled Nepal in the 12th century and by the 18th century, the Gorkha kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. Thereafter the Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and later formed an alliance with the British Empire under its Rana dynasty. Nepal was never colonised but served as a buffer state between Imperial China and Colonial India. A Monarchy for hundreds of years, Nepal was declared a Republic in 2008. Modern Nepal is a Federal secular parliamentary replublic and is a developing nation. The constitution of Nepal adopted in 2017 establishes the country as a Federal Secular Parliamentary Republic divided into seven states.

Tourism:

Locked between the snow peaks of the Himalayas and the seething Ganges Plains, Nepal has been a home to wandering ascetics and Tantric Groups. Nepal has thus a wealth of sacred sites and natural wonders - the mountains, lakes, rivers, forests and wildlife, making it a favourite destination for tourists. Tourism is the lifeblood of Nepalese society as it’s the largest source of foreign exchange earnings and revenues. With ten of the highest mountains in the world, Nepal is a hotspot destination for mountaineers, rock climbers and those seeking adventure. The rich Nepalese culture, spiritual environment, rural villages, beautiful cities, rich wildlife and the shining mountains are the tourism assets of Nepal. Nepal being the land of Hindu religion has several temples dotted across the country and the capital city, Kathmandu with its thousands of temples Is known as the “City of Temples”. The pilgrimage sites like Lumbini (birthplace of Gautama Buddha), Muktinath , Gosainkunda, Janakpur lure many visitors with a spiritual bent of mind. Tiger and the one Horned Rhino and more than 600 species of birds can be spotted in the Wild life National Parks in Nepal.

Nepalese Cuisine:

Nepalese cuisine comprises of variety of dishes based upon the ethnicity, soil and climate relating to Nepal’s cultural diversity and geography. Dal-bhat-tarkari (Rice with lentils and vegetables curry) is the staple food of the Nepali local people. Much of the cuisine is variation of Asian Themes that have Tibetan, Indian and Thai origins – like Tibetan style dumplings (Momos) with Nepalese spices is one of the most popular food in Nepal. Chow Mein is also a Nepali favourite based on Chinese style stir fried Noodles.

Shopping :

Kathmandu known as the “Shopper’s paradise” - Remarkable handicrafts with brilliant workmanship which carry religious significance, like works of stone and metal, silver and gold trinkets, wood carvings are in great demand. Other souvenir items include Nepali Tea, famous Gurkha knife or khukuri, prayer wheels, singing bowls, papier mache masks, thangkas(paintings) and carpets. These items can be found in the tourist areas and major hotels. However you could also visit Shopping malls or departmental stores for branded items .

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